Long-term Weight Loss in a Primary Care-Anchored eHealth Lifestyle Coaching Program: Randomized Controlled Trial

Laura Hesseldal*, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Thomas Bastholm Olesen, Michael Hecht Olsen, Pernille Ravn Jakobsen, Ditte Hjorth Laursen, Jørgen Trankjær Lauridsen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Jens Søndergaard, Carl Joakim Brandt

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long-term weight loss in people living with obesity can reduce the risk and progression of noncommunicable diseases. Observational studies suggest that digital coaching can lead to long-term weight loss.

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether an eHealth lifestyle coaching program for people living with obesity with or without type 2 diabetes led to significant, long-term (12-month) weight loss compared to usual care.

METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial that took place in 50 municipalities in Denmark, 340 people living with obesity with or without type 2 diabetes were enrolled from April 16, 2018, to April 1, 2019, and randomized via an automated computer algorithm to an intervention (n=200) or a control (n=140) group. Patients were recruited via their general practitioners, the Danish diabetes organization, and social media. The digital coaching intervention consisted of an initial 1-hour face-to-face motivational interview followed by digital coaching using behavioral change techniques enabled by individual live monitoring. The primary outcome was change in body weight from baseline to 12 months.

RESULTS: Data were assessed for 200 participants, including 127 from the intervention group and 73 from the control group, who completed 12 months of follow-up. After 12 months, mean body weight and BMI were significantly reduced in both groups but significantly more so in the intervention group than the control group (-4.5 kg, 95% CI -5.6 to -3.4 vs -1.5 kg, 95% CI -2.7 to -0.2, respectively; P<.001; and -1.5 kg/m2, 95% CI -1.9 to -1.2 vs -0.5 kg/m2, 95% CI -0.9 to -0.1, respectively; P<.001). Hemoglobin A1c was significantly reduced in both the intervention (-6.0 mmol/mol, 95% CI -7.7 to -4.3) and control (-4.9 mmol/mol, 95% CI -7.4 to -2.4) groups, without a significant group difference (all P>.46).

CONCLUSIONS: Compared to usual care, digital lifestyle coaching can induce significant weight loss for people living with obesity, both with and without type 2 diabetes, after 12 months.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03788915; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03788915.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere39741
TidsskriftJournal of Medical Internet Research
Vol/bind24
Udgave nummer9
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 23 sep. 2022

Bibliografisk note

©Laura Hesseldal, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Thomas Bastholm Olesen, Michael Hecht Olsen, Pernille Ravn Jakobsen, Ditte Hjorth Laursen, Jørgen Trankjær Lauridsen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Jens Søndergaard, Carl Joakim Brandt. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (https://www.jmir.org), 23.09.2022.

Fingeraftryk

Udforsk hvilke forskningsemner 'Long-term Weight Loss in a Primary Care-Anchored eHealth Lifestyle Coaching Program: Randomized Controlled Trial' indeholder.

Citationsformater