Immunohistochemistry (IHC) has for decades been an integrated method within pathology applied to gain diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive information. However, the multimodality of the analytical phase of IHC is a challenge to ensure the reproducibility of IHC, which has been documented by external quality assessment (EQA) programs for many biomarkers. More than 600 laboratories participate in the Nordic immunohistochemical Quality Control EQA program for IHC. In the period, 2017-2021, 65 different biomarkers were assessed and a total of 31,967 results were evaluated. An overall pass rate of 79% was obtained being an improvement compared with 71% for the period, 2003-2015. The pass rates for established predictive biomarkers (estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and HER2) for breast carcinoma were most successful showing mean pass rates of 89% to 92%. Diagnostic IHC biomarkers as PAX8, SOX10, and different cytokeratins showed a wide spectrum of pass rates ranging from 37% to 95%, mean level of 75%, and attributed to central parameters as access to sensitive and specific antibodies but also related to purpose of the IHC test and validation performed accordingly to this. Seven new diagnostic biomarkers were introduced, and all showed inferior pass rates compared with the average level for diagnostic biomarkers emphasizing the challenge to optimize, validate, and implement new IHC biomarkers. Nordic immunohistochemical Quality Control operates by "Fit-For-Purpose" EQA principles and for programmed death-ligand 1, 2 segments are offered aligned to the "3-dimensional" approach-bridging diagnostic tests, drugs to be offered, and diseases addressed. Mean pass rates of 65% and 79% was obtained in the 2 segments for programmed death-ligand 1.
|Tidsskrift||Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology|
|Status||Udgivet, E-publikation før trykning - 5 okt. 2022|