Labour Market Participation After Emergency Laparotomy: A Nationwide Cohort Study with Long-Term Follow-Up

Lau Caspar Thygesen*, Ismail Gögenur

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Many patients who undergo emergency laparotomy are working, which is a key determinant for an individual's socio-economic status and financial security. The objectives of this study were to compare labour market participation and sick leave in a nationwide patient population undergoing non-malignant emergency resections with a matched reference population.

METHODS: This nationwide prospective cohort study included all patients aged 18+ years undergoing emergency laparotomy for non-malignant disease resulting in intestinal resections, ostomy or drainage at Danish hospitals 2003-2014 and who were active on the labour market (n?=?2895). We included a sex- and age-matched reference population (n?=?11,422) and followed all persons in nationwide registers. We used survival analyses and logistic regression.

RESULTS: The proportion of people active in the labour market was 85% and 66% 1 and 2 years after surgery compared to 96% and 79% among the reference population. The hazard ratio of dropout was 1.15 (95% CI 1.05-1.25, p?=?0.002) among patients compared to reference population. Increased dropout was observed for disability pension (2.58; 2.14-3.11; p?<?0.0001), while patients did not have increased rate of age-related pensions. The proportion on sick leave was 66% the month following surgery compared to 3-4% among references. The proportion decreased thereafter but was higher up to 3 years after surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: This nationwide study including all patients undergoing resections demonstrated marked increase in disability pensioning and sick leave after surgery compared to a matched reference group. This supports the need for interventions and programmes during hospital stay and after discharge focusing on labour market participation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)763-771
Antal sider9
TidsskriftWorld Journal of Surgery
Vol/bind43
Udgave nummer3
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2019

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