Pathogenic missense variants in GRIN2A and GRIN2B may result in gain or loss of function (GoF/LoF) of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). This observation gave rise to the hypothesis of successfully treating GRIN-related disorders due to LoF variants with co-agonists of the NMDAR. In this respect, we describe a retrospectively collected series of ten individuals with GRIN2A- or GRIN2B-related disorders who were treated with L-serine, each within an independent n-of-1 trial. Our cohort comprises one individual with a LoF missense variant with clinical improvements confirming the above hypothesis and replicating a previous n-of-1 trial. A second individual with a GoF missense variant was erroneously treated with L-serine and experienced immediate temporary behavioral deterioration further supporting the supposed functional pathomechanism. Eight additional individuals with null variants (that had been interpreted as loss-of-function variants despite not being missense) again showed clinical improvements. Among all nine individuals with LoF missense or null variants, L-serine treatment was associated with improvements in behavior in eight (89%), in development in four (44%), and/or in EEG or seizure frequency in four (44%). None of these nine individuals experienced side effects or adverse findings in the context of L-serine treatment. In summary, we describe the first evidence that L-serine treatment may not only be associated with clinical improvements in GRIN-related disorders due to LoF missense but particularly also null variants.
|Tidsskrift||Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics|
|Tidlig onlinedato||7 jan. 2022|
|Status||Udgivet - jan. 2022|