Is paternal age associated with transfer day, developmental stage, morphology, and initial hCG-rise of the competent blastocyst leading to live birth? A multicenter cohort study

Maria Buhl Borgstrøm*, Marie Louise Grøndahl, Tobias W Klausen, Anne K Danielsen, Thordis Thomsen, Ursula Bentin-Ley, Ulla B Knudsen, Steen Laursen, Morten R Petersen, Katrine Haahr, Karsten Petersen, Josephine G Lemmen, Johnny Hindkjær, John Kirk, Jens Fedder, Gitte J Almind, Christina Hnida, Bettina Troest, Betina B Povlsen, Anne ZedelerAnette Gabrielsen, Thomas Larsen, Ulrik S Kesmodel

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

In this study we investigated whether age of men undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment was associated with day of transfer, stage, morphology, and initial hCG-rise of the competent blastocyst leading to a live birth? The design was a multicenter historical cohort study based on exposure (age) and outcome data (blastocyst stage and morphology and initial hCG-rise) from men whose partner underwent single blastocyst transfer resulting in singleton pregnancy/birth. The ART treatments were carried out at sixteen private and university-based public fertility clinics. We included 7246 men and women, who between 2014 and 2018 underwent controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) or Frozen-thawed Embryo Transfer (FET) with a single blastocyst transfer resulting in singleton pregnancy were identified. 4842 men with a partner giving birth were included, by linking data to the Danish Medical Birth Registry. We showed that the adjusted association between paternal age and transfer day in COS treatments was OR 1.06, 95% CI (1.00;1.13). Meaning that for every increase of one year, men had a 6% increased probability that the competent blastocyst was transferred on day 6 compared to day 5. Further we showed that the mean difference in hCG values when comparing paternal age group 30-34, 35-39 and 40-45 with the age group 25-29 in those receiving COS treatment, all showed significantly lower adjusted values for older men. In conclusion we hypothesize that the later transfer (day 6) in female partners of older men may be due to longer time spent by the oocyte to repair fragmented DNA of the sperm cells, which should be a focus of future research in men.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)e0270664
TidsskriftPLoS ONE
Vol/bind17
Udgave nummer7
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2022

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