Investigating the causal effect of vitamin D on serum adiponectin using a mendelian randomization approach

L. L.N. Husemoen*, T. Skaaby, T. Martinussen, T. Jørgensen, B. H. Thuesen, C. Kistorp, J. Jeppesen, J. P. Thyssen, M. Meldgaard, P. B. Szecsi, M. Fenger, A. Linneberg

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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    Abstrakt

    Background/Objectives: The aim was to examine the causal effect of vitamin D on serum adiponectin using a multiple instrument Mendelian randomization approach. Subjects/Methods: Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) and serum total or high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin were measured in two Danish population-based studies: the Inter99 study (6405 adults, 30-60 years) conducted in 1999-2001, and the MONICA10 study (2656 adults, 41-71 years) conducted in 1993-1994. Results: In the Inter99 study, serum 25(OH)D was positively associated with total adiponectin (the effect estimate in % per doubling of 25(OH)D was 4.78, 95% CI: 1.96, 7.68, P<0.001). Using variations in the vitamin D-binding protein gene and the filaggrin gene as instrumental variables, the causal effect in % was estimated to 61.46, 95% CI: 17.51, 120.28, P=0.003 higher adiponectin per doubling of 25(OH)D. In the MONICA10 cohort, no significant association was observed between the serum concentrations of 25(OH)D and HMW adiponectin (the effect estimate in % per doubling of 25(OH)D was-1.51, 95% CI:-5.80, 2.98, P=0.50), although the instrumental variables analysis to some extent supported a positive causal association (the effect estimate in % per doubling of 25(OH)D was 37.13, 95% CI:-3.67, 95.20, P=0.080). Conclusions: The results indicate a possible causal association between serum 25(OH)D and total adiponectin. However, the association was not replicated for HMW adiponectin. Thus, further studies are needed to confirm a causal relationship.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)189-195
    Antal sider7
    TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
    Vol/bind68
    Udgave nummer2
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - feb. 2014

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