Intraoperative S-ketamine for the reduction of opioid consumption and pain one year after spine surgery: A randomized clinical trial of opioid-dependent patients

Rikke Vibeke Nielsen, Jonna Storm Fomsgaard, Lone Nikolajsen, Jørgen Berg Dahl, Ole Mathiesen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Background: We aimed to explore the effect of intraoperative S-ketamine on analgesic consumption and pain one year after spine surgery in chronic opioid-dependent patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery. Methods: Single-centre, randomized, blinded trial of 147 patients. Intervention: Perioperative S-ketamine bolus 0.5 mg/kg followed by S-ketamine 0.25 mg kg −1  hr −1 infusion or placebo. Main outcomes: Analgesic use, pain (visual analogue scale 0–100 mm [VAS]) and labour market attachment one year after surgery assessed by written questionnaires. Results: Response rate was 67%. One year after surgery, the daily use of oral morphine equivalents was lower in the ketamine group versus the placebo group: 0 (0–20) mg versus 20 (0–62) mg, (p = 0.02), and fewer patients had a daily use of any analgesics in the ketamine group versus placebo group, 42% (95% CI 23–61) versus 74% (95% CI 58–87), (p = 0.04). Mobilization pain was lower in the ketamine group compared to the placebo group: Median difference 17 mm (95% CI −30 to −3), (p = 0.02). Pain at rest was lower in the ketamine group compared to the placebo group with median difference: 13 mm (95% CI −23 to −3), (p = 0.01). Further, labour market attachment was better in the ketamine group, (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Intraoperative ketamine may reduce analgesic use, pain, and improve labour market attachment one year after spine surgery in a chronic opioid-dependent population. Significance: This randomized clinical trial shows that intraoperative ketamine may reduce opioid use and pain and improve labour market attachment one year after spine surgery in an opioid-dependent population.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)455-460
Antal sider6
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Pain (United Kingdom)
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer3
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2019

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