Infrared thermographic assessment of changes in skin temperature during hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes

Anne Sophie Sejling, Kai H.W. Lange, Christian S. Frandsen, Sarah S. Diemar, Lise Tarnow, Jens Faber, Jens J. Holst, Bolette Hartmann, Linda Hilsted, Troels W. Kjaer, Claus B. Juhl, Birger Thorsteinsson, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard

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Abstrakt

Aims/hypothesis: Hypoglycaemia is associated with reduced skin temperature (Ts). We studied whether infrared thermography can detect Ts changes during hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes and how the Ts response differs between patients with normal hypoglycaemia awareness and hypoglycaemia unawareness. Methods: Twenty-four patients with type 1 diabetes (ten aware, 14 unaware) were studied during normoglycaemia (5.0–6.0 mmol/l), hypoglycaemia (2.0–2.5 mmol/l) and during recovery from hypoglycaemia (5.0–6.0 mmol/l) using hyperinsulinaemic glucose clamping. During each 1 h phase, Ts was measured twice by infrared thermography imaging in pre-defined areas (nose, glabella and the five left fingertips), symptoms of hypoglycaemia were scored and blood was sampled. Results: Ts decreased during hypoglycaemia on the nose and glabella. The highest decrements were recorded on the nose (aware: −2.6°C, unaware: −1.1°C). In aware patients, the differences in temperature were statistically significant on both nose and glabella, whereas there was only a trend in the unaware group. There was a significant difference in hypoglycaemia-induced temperature changes between the groups. Patients in the aware group had higher hypoglycaemia symptom scores and higher adrenaline (epinephrine) levels during hypoglycaemia. Conclusions/interpretation: The hypoglycaemia-associated decrement in Ts can be assessed by infrared thermography and is larger in patients with normal hypoglycaemia awareness compared with unaware patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)1898-1906
Antal sider9
TidsskriftDiabetologia
Vol/bind58
Udgave nummer8
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 23 aug. 2015

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