Infectious endocarditis caused by Escherichia coli

Trine Kiilerich Lauridsen, Magnus Arpi, Thomas Fritz-Hansen, Niels Frimodt-Møller, Niels Eske Bruun

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


    Although Escherichia coli is among the most common causes of Gram-negative bacteraemia, infectious endocarditis (IE) due to this pathogen is rare. A 67-y-old male without a previous medical history presented with a new mitral regurgitation murmur and persisting E. coli bacteraemia in spite of broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics. Transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography revealed a severe mitral endocarditis. E. coli DNA was identified from the mitral valve and the vegetation, and no other pathogen was found. The case was further complicated by spondylodiscitis and bilateral endophthalmitis. Extra-intestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) are able to colonize tissue outside the gastrointestinal tract and contain a variety of virulence factors that may enable the pathogens to invade and induce infections in the cardiac endothelia. In these cases echocardiography as the imaging technology is of paramount importance for the correct diagnosis and treatment.

    Sider (fra-til)545-546
    Antal sider2
    TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
    Udgave nummer6-7
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2011


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