Increased platelet activation and abnormal membrane glycoprotein content and redistribution in myeloproliferative disorders

Morten Krogh Jensen*, Peter De Nully Brown, Birgit Villadsen Lund, Ove Juul Nielsen, Hans Carl Hasselbalch

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


    Chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) are characterized by a high incidence of thrombohaemorrhagic complications, possibly caused by platelet dysfunction. In an attempt to define platelet functional abnormalities, we assessed the expression of activation-dependent membrane proteins in unstimulated and agonist [ADP and thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP)]-stimulated platelets using quantitative whole blood flow cytometry in samples from 50 MPD patients and 30 controls. The receptor densities of activation markers and glycoproteins (GPs) were quantified using standardized fluorescent beads. Compared with controls, the mean percentage of P-selectin-positive (15.3% vs. 7.2%; P < 0.001) and thrombospondin (TSP)-positive (6.6% vs. 3.7%; P = 0.003) platelets was increased in unstimulated platelets from patients. Patients having experienced a thrombotic event had a higher mean percentage of TSP-positive non-stimulated platelets than patients without a history of thrombosis (9.0% vs. 4.6%; P = 0.02) and a higher GPIV molecules of equivalent fluorochrome (MEF) value (33113 vs. 24471 MEF; P = 0.02). Mean MEF values of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against GPIb (34055 vs. 38945 MEF; P < 0.001) and GPIIb/IIIa (1416 vs. 1648 MEF; P < 0.001) were significantly reduced among patients, whereas surface expression of GPIV was increased in patients (28273 vs. 16258 MEF; P < 0.001). In TRAP (10 μmol/l) stimulated whole blood, the MEF of P-selectin (9611 vs. 13293 MEF; P = 0.004) and CD63 (2385 vs. 5177 MEF; P < 0.001) and the ratio of PAC-1/GPIIb/IIIa MEF (0.98 vs. 2.00; P < 0.001) was reduced in patients, indicating either a reduced granule GP content or an intrinsic cellular defect in receptor-mediated granule secretion and activation of the GPIIb/IIIa complex. Expressed as the relative change of MEF compared with unstimulated platelets, TRAP induced decrease of GPIb (7.8% vs. 45%; P < 0.001) and increase of GPIIb/IIIa (49.1% vs. 95.7%; P < 0.001) and GPIV expression (17.8% vs. 55.2%; P < 0.001) was attenuated in patients.

    Sider (fra-til)116-124
    Antal sider9
    TidsskriftBritish Journal of Haematology
    Udgave nummer1
    StatusUdgivet - 29 aug. 2000


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