Increased levels of mannan-binding lectin in type 1 diabetic patients with incipient and overt nephropathy

M. Saraheimo, C. Forsblom, T. K. Hansen, A. M. Teppo, J. Fagerudd, K. Pettersson-Fernholm, S. Thiel, L. Tarnow, P. Ebeling, A. Flyvbjerg, P. H. Groop*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


    Aims/hypothesis: Diabetic nephropathy is associated with insulin resistance, and low-grade inflammation and activation of the complement system may contribute to this cascade. Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) activates the complement system, and elevated MBL concentrations have been observed in normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to assess whether MBL is associated with diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetes, and whether there is an association between MBL and low-grade inflammatory markers or insulin resistance. Methods: A total of 191 type 1 diabetic patients from the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study were divided into three groups based upon their AER. Patients with normal AER (n=67) did not take antihypertensive medication, while patients with microalbuminuria (n=62) or macroalbuminuria (n=62) were all treated with an ACE inhibitor. As a measure of insulin sensitivity we used estimated glucose disposal rate. MBL was measured by an immunofluorometric assay, C-reactive protein by a radioimmunoassay and IL-6 by high-sensitivity enzyme immunoassay. Results: Patients with normal AER (median [interquartile range]: 1,154 μg/l [180-2,202 μg/l]) had lower levels of MBL than patients with microalbuminuria (1,713 μg/l [724-2,760 μg/l]; p=0.029) or macroalbuminuria (1,648 μg/l [568-3,394 μg/l]; p=0.019). There was a significant correlation between MBL and estimated glucose disposal rate, but not between MBL and C-reactive protein or IL-6 levels in univariate analysis. However, in a multiple regression analysis, HbA1c was the single variable independently associated with MBL (β±SEM: 0.26±0.08; p=0.003). Conclusions/interpretation: MBL concentrations are increased in type 1 diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy. MBL was not associated with low-grade inflammatory markers.

    Sider (fra-til)198-202
    Antal sider5
    Udgave nummer1
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2005


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