Incisional hernia after open versus laparoscopic sigmoid resection

Lars Peter Holst Andersen, Mads Klein, Ismail Gögenur, Jacob Rosenberg

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    Abstrakt

    Background: Incisional hernia after open surgery is a well-known complication with an incidence of up to 20% after a 10-year period. Data regarding the long-term hernia risk after laparoscopic colonic surgery are lacking in the literature. In the present study we compared the long-term hernia incidence after laparoscopic versus open sigmoid resection. Methods: The study included patients undergoing laparoscopic sigmoid resection in the period January 1995 to December 2004 in the eastern part of Denmark. This group was matched with a consecutive group of patients undergoing open surgery in our department in the same period. Patients were contacted by telephone, and a questionnaire was completed for each patient. If the patient was believed to have a hernia or if there was any suspicion of a hernia, a consultant surgeon examined the patient and completed the questionnaire. Factors related to the primary operation, the hernia and general risk factors were registered for all patients. Results: A total of 201 patients answered the questionnaire (95.3%). The laparoscopy group was comprised of 58 patients and 143 patients were included in the laparotomy group. The patients had a median follow-up of 4.6 years (range 2.4-11.7 years) and 4.9 years (range 2.4-8.5 years) after laparoscopic and open surgery, respectively (P = 0.326). Incisional hernia was found in two of 58 patients (3.4%, 95% CI -1.4-7.4) in the laparoscopic surgery group compared with 21 of 143 patients (14.7%, 95% CI 8.9-20.5) in the open surgery group (P = 0.026). There were no significant differences in demographic data or the occurrence of risk factors between the two groups. Conclusion: Laparoscopic sigmoid resection leads to a significantly lower incidence of incisional hernia compared with the open surgical technique.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)2026-2029
    Antal sider4
    TidsskriftSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
    Vol/bind22
    Udgave nummer9
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 2008

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