In vivo and ex vivo sentinel node mapping does not identify the same lymph nodes in colon cancer

Helene Schou Andersen*, Astrid Louise Bjørn Bennedsen, Stefan Kobbelgaard Burgdorf, Jens Ravn Eriksen, Susanne Eiholm, Anders Toxværd, Lene Buhl Riis, Jacob Rosenberg, Ismail Gögenur

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Introduction: Identification of lymph nodes and pathological analysis is crucial for the correct staging of colon cancer. Lymph nodes that drain directly from the tumor area are called “sentinel nodes” and are believed to be the first place for metastasis. The purpose of this study was to perform sentinel node mapping in vivo with indocyanine green and ex vivo with methylene blue in order to evaluate if the sentinel lymph nodes can be identified by both techniques. Methods: Patients with colon cancer UICC stage I–III were included from two institutions in Denmark from February 2015 to January 2016. In vivo sentinel node mapping with indocyanine green during laparoscopy and ex vivo sentinel node mapping with methylene blue were performed in all patients. Results: Twenty-nine patients were included. The in vivo sentinel node mapping was successful in 19 cases, and ex vivo sentinel node mapping was successful in 13 cases. In seven cases, no sentinel nodes were identified. A total of 51 sentinel nodes were identified, only one of these where identified by both techniques (2.0%). In vivo sentinel node mapping identified 32 sentinel nodes, while 20 sentinel nodes were identified by ex vivo sentinel node mapping. Lymph node metastases were found in 10 patients, and only two had metastases in a sentinel node. Conclusion: Placing a deposit in relation to the tumor by indocyanine green in vivo or of methylene blue ex vivo could only identify sentinel lymph nodes in a small group of patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)983-990
Antal sider8
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer7
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2017

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