In vitro effects of monophthalates on cytokine expression in the monocytic cell line THP-1 and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from allergic and non-allergic donors

C. Glue*, A. Millner, U. Bodtger, T. Jinquan, L. K. Poulsen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    It has recently been shown that plasticizers are present in indoor air dust, which may lead to human exposure via the inhalation route. Moreover, studies have indicated that plasticizers may possess adjuvant effects increasing the health damaging potential of allergens. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of metabolites of phthalate plastisizers, such as whether an adjuvant effect is paralleled by changes of the cytokine expression in the monocytic cell line THP-1 and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from allergics and non-allergics. The toxicity monitored by cell viability was determined by incubating THP-1 cells with a 10-fold dilution series of monophthalates for 24 h. At different points in time cytokine expression (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12α (p35)) in THP-1 cells incubated with non-toxic concentrations of monophthalate (2-20 μg/ml)±LPS (1 μg/ml) were determined using Quantitative Competitive RT-PCR. PBMCs from allergics and non-allergics were incubated with monophthalate 220 μg/ml) for up to 48 h and cytokine expression (IL-4, IL-5, IFN-γ) was measured using real-time PCR. The cytotoxic level of monophthalates is 20-200 μg/ml, depending on the individual monophthalate. There seems to be a correlation between increasing side-chain length and toxicity. Monophthalates did not induce changes in cytokine expression in THP-1 cells, though there is an increase when co-incubating with LPS. Cytokine expression in PBMC seems virtually unchanged when co-incubated with monophthalate, though mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBUP) tends to increase the level of IL-4 in PBMCs from allergic individuals. The two cellular models demonstrated the dynamics of regulated cytokine mRNA and are applicable for in vitro immunotoxicological investigations. The results regarding monophthalates suggest these to have a limited effect on cytokine expression in the monocytic cell line THP-1 and weak effect on cytokine expression in PBMCs from allergic and non-allergic individuals.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)657-662
    Antal sider6
    TidsskriftToxicology in Vitro
    Vol/bind16
    Udgave nummer6
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2002

    Fingeraftryk

    Udforsk hvilke forskningsemner 'In vitro effects of monophthalates on cytokine expression in the monocytic cell line THP-1 and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from allergic and non-allergic donors' indeholder.

    Citationsformater