Importance of detailed adjustment for smoking when comparing hospitalization and mortality in men and women in a Danish population study

Eva Prescott, Merete Osler, Jørgen Vestbo, Lars Bo Andersen, T. I.A. Sorensen, G. Jensen, H. O. Hein, K. Borch-Johnsen, N. Keiding, T. Jorgensen, H. Ibsen, P. Thorvaldsen, J. Clausen, P. Schnohr, J. Nyboe, M. Appleyard, P. Lange, B. Nordestgaard, M. Gronbæk

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    Abstrakt

    Mortality from smoking-related diseases is rising steeply among women. Although most studies recognize that smoking habits differ between men and women, this knowledge is seldom applied when studying gender differences. Based on two large population studies comprising almost 16,000 study subjects, we illustrate the importance of adjusting for smoking in detail when comparing hospitalization and mortality between men and women. Adjusting for smoking as a dichotomous variable, age-adjusted mortality risk during 16 years follow-up was 80% higher for men than women. Adjusting for smoking in detail significantly reduced men's excess risk to 50%. The risk of hospitalization for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was 50% higher for men when adjusting for smoking as a dichotomous variable, whereas with full adjustment the risk was reversed to a significantly increased risk for women of 20%. We conclude, that when comparing smoking-related morbidity in men and women, smoking habits must be adjusted for in more detail than is usually the case.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)166-169
    Antal sider4
    TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Public Health
    Vol/bind8
    Udgave nummer2
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - jun. 1998

    Fingeraftryk Udforsk hvilke forskningsemner 'Importance of detailed adjustment for smoking when comparing hospitalization and mortality in men and women in a Danish population study' indeholder.

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