Objective: To evaluate implementation of national guideline recommendations on treatment initiation for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in Denmark.Methods: Using DANHEP, a nationwide cohort of chronic hepatitis B and C patients attending specialized hospital care in Denmark, we performed a descriptive cohort study from January 2002 through December 2017. We identified patients with CHB in 3 of 5 Danish regions, with at least two hospital/outpatient clinic visits during the study period.Results: We identified 990 CHB patients who remained untreated throughout the study period, and 265 who initiated treatment. At their last visit 952/990 (96%, 95% CI 95-97) untreated patients did not meet current national criteria for treatment initiation while 198/265 (75%, 95% CI 69-80) who initiated treatment met the national criteria. Overall, 198/236 (84%, 95% CI 79-88) who met national treatment criteria, initiated treatment.Conclusion: The majority of CHB patients received care in line with national guideline recommendations for treatment initiation. We found that only few patients eligible for treatment remained untreated. However, a fourth of patients who received treatment were not eligible according to national guidelines.