Impact of Vitamin D Status and Obesity on C-Reactive Protein in Kidney-Transplant Patients

Bettina Ewers, Ane Gasbjerg, Bo Zerahn, Peter Marckmann*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstrakt

    Objective: We examined whether vitamin D status and obesity are associated with low-grade systemic inflammation, as assessed by serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) in an adult population of kidney-transplant patients. Design: This was a single-center, cross-sectional study. Setting and Patients: Data were collected between December 2005 and April 2006 from 161 adult (aged >18 years) kidney-transplant patients (mean age, 53.1 years; SD, 11.5 years; females/males, 78/83), with a median kidney-graft age of 7.0 years and serum CRP levels ≤10 mg/L. Methods: Vitamin D status was assessed by serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D). The presence of low-grade systemic inflammation was assessed by serum CRP. Selected lifestyle factors and anthropometric variables were determined in a subgroup of patients (n = 90). Bivariate correlation and multiple regression analyses were performed. Results: Hypovitaminosis D (ie, S-25-OHD ≤75 nmol/L) was present in 73% of females, and 89% of males. The median level of serum CRP was 1.7 mg/L. Vitamin D status was not significantly associated with serum CRP. In the patient subgroup, indices of obesity (body mass index, body weight, and fat mass) correlated positively, and lean body mass correlated negatively, with serum CRP. Only fat mass remained significantly associated with serum CRP in multiple regression analysis. Conclusions: No impact of vitamin D status on low-grade systemic inflammation was found. Fat mass correlated positively with CRP, suggesting that obesity may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and chronic allograft rejection in kidney-transplant patients.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)294-300
    Antal sider7
    TidsskriftJournal of Renal Nutrition
    Vol/bind18
    Udgave nummer3
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 maj 2008

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