AIMS: Serial measurements of high-sensitivity troponin are used to rule out acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with an assay specific cutoff at the 99th percentile. Here, we evaluated the performance of a single admission troponin with a lower cutoff combined with a low risk electrocardiogram (ECG) to rule out AMI. METHODS: Troponin I measured with a high-sensitivity assay (hs-TnI) was determined at admission in 1040 patients presenting with suspected AMI (BACC study). To rule out AMI we calculated the negative predictive value (NPV) utilizing the optimal hs-TnI cutoff combined with a low risk ECG. The results were validated in 3566 patients with suspected AMI [2-h Accelerated Diagnostic Protocol to Assess Patients With Chest Pain Symptoms Using Contemporary Troponins as the Only Biomarker (ADAPT) studies]. Patients were followed for 6 or 12 months. RESULTS: 184 of all patients were diagnosed with AMI. An hs-TnI cutoff of 3 ng/L resulted in a NPV of 99.3% (CI 97.3-100.0), ruling out 35% of all non-AMI patients. Adding the information of a low riskECGresulted in a 100% (CI 97.5-100.0) NPV (28% ruled out). The 2 validation cohorts replicated the high NPV of this approach. The follow-up mortality in the ruled out population was low (0 deaths in BACC and Stenocardia, 1 death in ADAPT). CONCLUSIONS: A single hs-TnI measurement on admission combined with a low risk ECG appears to rule out AMI safely without need for serial troponin testing. Trial Registration: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02355457).