Hidradenitis suppurativa in a cohort of overweight and obese children and adolescents

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory, and recurring disease mainly observed in adults. Obesity is considered an important independent factor in HS development and is associated with a higher prevalence of HS in children. We aimed to characterize the clinical presentation of HS in overweight and obese children and adolescents.

METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional observational study during January 2007-April 2015. Overweight and obese patients (5-17 years of age, BMI> 90th percentile) referred to The Children's Obesity Clinic, Department of Paediatrics, Copenhagen University Hospital Holbaek, Denmark, underwent screening for dermatological conditions. A dermatologist ascertained the diagnosis of HS, and disease severity was assessed using Hurley staging and Sartorius score. Tobacco smoke exposure, body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS), and psychiatric comorbidities were recorded. Our cohort was compared with a reference cohort recruited in a previous study.

RESULTS: A total of 195 children and adolescents underwent screening for dermatological conditions. Nine patients screened positive, and six of these patients were available for examination of whom five presented with HS. All HS cases were mild (median Sartorius score of 9). Four of the five patients (with varying constellations) reported tobacco exposure, a positive family history of HS, and exhibited psychiatric comorbidities.

CONCLUSION: Our findings support that the presence of pediatric HS is correlated with familial disposition to HS and psychiatric comorbidities.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)47-51
Antal sider5
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Dermatology
Vol/bind59
Udgave nummer1
Tidlig onlinedato9 sep. 2019
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2020

Bibliografisk note

� 2019 The International Society of Dermatology.

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