Genetic alterations of CCND1 and EMSY in breast cancers

T Kirkegaard, K V Nielsen, L B Jensen, F M Campbell, S Müller, S M Tovey, S Brown, T G Cooke, J M S Bartlett

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    AIMS: CCND1 and EMSY, on 11q13, are frequently amplified in breast cancer. CCND1 is implicated in cell cycle progression and EMSY is a BRCA2-associated repressor protein. The aim was to investigate gene copy numbers of CCND1 and EMSY and to determine if CCND1 amplification is associated with reduced survival of tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed on 111 consecutive and 354 oestrogen receptor (ER)+ tamoxifen-treated breast cancers. In the consecutive set, CCND1 and EMSY were amplified in 14.8% and 7.2%, respectively, and deleted in 8.7% and 13.5%, respectively. In the ER+ set, CCND1 and EMSY were amplified in 20.6% and 9.6%, respectively, and deleted in 1.7% and 4.2%, respectively. CCND1 and EMSY gene amplifications were associated with decreased overall survival (OS) (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively) of patients in the ER+ set.

    CONCLUSION: As hypothesized, CCND1 amplifications are associated with poor OS in ER+ patients. EMSY amplification is also associated with poor OS. However, as >70% of EMSY amplifications were CCND1 amplified, EMSY may not have any additional effect on survival of ER+ breast cancer.

    Sider (fra-til)698-705
    Antal sider8
    Udgave nummer6
    StatusUdgivet - maj 2008


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