BACKGROUND: The biomarker fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) has been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in both patients with and without type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between FGF-23 and cardiac structure, function and perfusion in patients with type 2 diabetes and normal or mildly impaired kidney function. Furthermore, to investigate the association between FGF-23, anti-diabetes therapy and the classic complications and risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes.
METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 246 patients with type 2 diabetes underwent echocardiography and advanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to assess left ventricular (LV) structure and function. In addition, myocardial blood flow (MBF) during rest and pharmacological stress (adenosine 140 µg/kg/min) were evaluated in 183 of the patients. Patients with eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 were excluded.
RESULTS: Median (Q1-Q3) FGF-23 was 74 (58-91) ng/L. Patients with FGF-23 above the median had lower MBF during stress (2.3 ± 0.9 vs. 2.7 ± 0.9 ml/min/g, P = 0.001) and lower overall myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) (2.7 ± 0.8 vs. 3.3 ± 1.1, P < 0.001). LV mass (143 ± 40 vs. 138 ± 36 g, P = 0.04) and E/e* (8.5 ± 3.2 vs. 7.6 ± 2.7, P = 0.04) were higher in patients with FGF-23 above the median. In a linear model adjusted for age, sex, eGFR and hypertension, increasing FGF-23 was associated with decreased MPR (P < 0.01, R2 = 0.11) and increased E/e* (P < 0.01, R2 = 0.07). FGF-23 was lower in patients receiving glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogues (71 (57-86) vs. 80 (60-98) ng/L, P = 0.01) than in those who did not receive GLP-1 analogues.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with type 2 diabetes and normal or mildly impaired kidney function, increased levels of FGF-23 are associated with impaired cardiac diastolic function and decreased MPR, caused by a decrease in maximal MBF during stress. Use of GLP-1 analogues is associated with decreased levels of FGF-23. Clinical trial registration https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT02684331. Date of registration: February 18, 2016.
|Status||Udgivet - 30 sep. 2020|