Facilitating In-House Mobile App Development Within Psychiatric Outpatient Services for Patients Diagnosed With Borderline Personality Disorder: Rapid Application Development Approach

Ali Abbas Shaker*, Stephen F Austin, Mie Sedoc Jørgensen, John Aasted Sørensen, Henrik Bechmann, Henriette Kinnerup, Charlotte Juul Petersen, Ragnar Klein Olsen, Erik Simonsen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mobile app development within mental health is often time- and resource-consuming, challenging the development of mobile apps for psychiatry. There is a continuum of software development methods ranging from linear (waterfall model) to continuous adaption (Scrum). Rapid application development (RAD) is a model that so far has not been applied to psychiatric settings and may have some advantages over other models.

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the utility of the RAD model in developing a mobile app for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a psychiatric outpatient setting.

METHODS: The 4 phases of the RAD model: (1) requirements planning, (2) user design, (3) construction, and (4) cutover, were applied to develop a mobile app within psychiatric outpatient services for patients diagnosed with BPD.

RESULTS: For the requirements planning phase, a short time frame was selected to minimize the time between product conceptualization and access within a clinical setting. Evidenced-based interactive content already developed was provided by current staff to enhance usability and trustworthiness. For the user design phase, activity with video themes and a discrete number of functions were used to improve the app functionality and graphical user interface. For the construction phase, close collaboration between clinicians, researchers, and software developers yielded a fully functional, in-house-developed app ready to be tested in clinical practice. For the cutover phase, the mobile app was tested successfully with a small number (n=5) of patients with a BPD.

CONCLUSIONS: The RAD model could be meaningfully applied in a psychiatric setting to develop an app for BPD within a relatively short time period from conceptualization to implementation in the clinic. Short time frames and identifying a limited number of stakeholders with relevant skills in-house facilitated the use of this model. Despite some limitations, RAD could be a useful model in the development of apps for clinical populations to enable development and access to evidence-based technology.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere46928
TidsskriftJMIR Human Factors
Vol/bind10
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 30 nov. 2023

Bibliografisk note

©Ali Abbas Shaker, Stephen F Austin, Mie Sedoc Jørgensen, John Aasted Sørensen, Henrik Bechmann, Henriette E Kinnerup, Charlotte Juul Petersen, Ragnar Klein Olsen, Erik Simonsen. Originally published in JMIR Human Factors (https://humanfactors.jmir.org), 30.11.2023.

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