Experimental guinea pig model of dermatophytosis: A simple and useful tool for the evaluation of new diagnostics and antifungals

Ditte Marie Saunte, J. P. Hasselby, A. Brillowska-Dabrowska, N. Frimodt-Møller, E. L. Svejgaard, D. Linnemann, S. S. Nielsen, M. Haedersdal, M. C. Arendrup

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    Abstrakt

    The aim of this study was to establish a simple guinea pig model for the purpose of evaluating diagnostic principles and treatment modalities for dermatophytic infections. The following variables were evaluated; pre-treatment of the skin by shaving versus tape stripping, Microsporum canis or Trichophyton mentagrophytes test strains as etiologic agents, differences in inoculum concentrations, and inoculation with and without occlusion. The course of infection was evaluated clinically by redness and lesion scores and mycologically by microscopy, culture, and histopathology. The applicability of the model was evaluated with a recently developed diagnostic pan-dermatophyte PCR and antifungal treatment was tested with an oral solution of itraconazole, 10 mg/kg, once daily during days 3-14 of the test period. Pre-treatment of the skin with a manual razor was for practical reasons preferable to tape stripping. Inoculation under occlusion showed no advantage in the establishment of experimental infections. Infection severity showed some association with the inoculum concentration and subtype of T. mentagrophytes but not in studies involving M. canis. The establishment of dermatophytosis was confirmed by histopathology. Surprisingly, microscopy was found to be less sensitive than culture and the latter was as sensitive as pan-dermatophyte PCR. Itraconazole significantly reduced lesion and redness score, with M. canis infections responding better to itraconazole treatment than those caused by T. mentagrophytes. In conclusion, we established a dermatophytosis animal model, which was proven useful for evaluating diagnostic methods and antifungal susceptibility testing.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)303-313
    Antal sider11
    TidsskriftMedical Mycology
    Vol/bind46
    Udgave nummer4
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2008

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