Exercise performance in elite male and female sailors

B. Larsson*, N. Beyer, P. Bay, L. Blønd, P. Aagaard, M. Kjær

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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    In order to evaluate the physiological profile of elite competitive sailors, and to determine if sailors revealed any seasonal variation in their exercise capacity over a 9 month period, results from female sailors (n = 6), and male sailors ('hikers' n = 8 and 'non-hikers' n = 7) were compared with male physical education students (n = 8). Maximal oxygen uptake rate (V̇O2 max) determined on treadmill did not differ between male sailors and control subjects (61.4 ± 2.0 vs 64.9 ± 1.4 ml O2/min·kg, mean ± SE) and did not change with time in elite sailors(p > 0.05). Isometric endurance for abdominal and back muscles was similar for all groups. The isometric muscle endurance in a hiking bench was markedly greater in 'hikers' [time: 218 sec (91-426) mean, range] compared to control subjects [time: 98 sec (48 -188)], male 'non-hikers', and female sailors (p < 0.05). Hiking endurance in 'hikers' did not change over the 9 month observation period. Furthermore, dynamic arm performance ('all-out' in 60 sec) was higher in 'hikers' compared to all other groups. In conclusion: Elite sailors who perform hiking activity ('hikers') show an enhanced performance in a functional arm test and higher endurance in a hitting-bench compared to 'non-hiking' elite sailors and a control group matched for age, weight and fitness. Furthermore sailors did not show any seasonal variation in their V̇O2 max or isometric endurance over a 9 month period.

    Sider (fra-til)504-508
    Antal sider5
    TidsskriftInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
    Udgave nummer7
    StatusUdgivet - 7 nov. 1996


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