Examining validity evidence for a simulation-based assessment tool for basic robotic surgical skills

Maria Cecilie Havemann, Torur Dalsgaard, Jette Led Sørensen, Kristin Røssaak, Steffen Brisling, Berit Jul Mosgaard, Claus Høgdall, Flemming Bjerrum

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Increasing focus on patient safety makes it important to ensure surgical competency among surgeons before operating on patients. The objective was to gather validity evidence for a virtual-reality simulator test for robotic surgical skills and evaluate its potential as a training tool. Surgeons with varying experience in robotic surgery were recruited: novices (zero procedures), intermediates (1-50), experienced (>?50). Five experienced surgeons rated five exercises on the da Vinci Skills Simulator. Participants were tested using the five exercises. Participants were invited back 3 times and completed a total of 10 attempts per exercise. The outcome was the average simulator performance score for the 5 exercises. 32 participants from 5 surgical specialties were included. 38 participants completed all 4 sessions. A moderate correlation between the average total score and robotic experience was identified for the first attempt (Spearman r?=?0.58; p?=?0.0004). A difference in average total score was observed between novices and intermediates [median score 61% (IQR 52-66) vs. 83% (IQR 75-91), adjusted p?<?0.0001], as well as novices and experienced [median score 61% (IQR 52-66) vs. 80 (IQR 69-85), adjusted p?=?0.002]. All three groups improved their performance between the 1st and 10th attempts (p?<?0.00). This study describes validity evidence for a virtual-reality simulator for basic robotic surgical skills, which can be used for assessment of basic competency and as a training tool. However, more validity evidence is needed before it can be used for certification or high-stakes assessment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)99-106
Antal sider8
TidsskriftJournal of Robotic Surgery
Vol/bind13
Udgave nummer1
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2019

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