Evaluation of the sysmex UF-5000 fluorescence flow cytometer as a screening platform for ruling out urinary tract infections in elderly patients presenting at the Emergency Department

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Abstrakt

In this study, we evaluated the performance of the flow cytometer-based Sysmex UF-5000 automated urine analyzer as a screening tool for ruling out urinary tract infections in elderly patients presenting at the emergency department. A total of 1119 unselected patient samples (including 544 samples from elderly patients) submitted for urine culture were included in this study. Samples were measured on UF-5000 and dipsticks and the results were compared with interpretation of culture results, which is the gold standard. We obtained a diagnostic sensitivity of 99% and specificity of 51% with a low rate of false negatives (0.2%) and a negative predictive value of 99% at 108 colony forming bacteria/L (CFB/L). A bacterial count ≥ 50x106/L or yeast like cells ≥ 25x106/L was used as the cutoff value. At this cutoff value, 30% of the urine cultures would have been redundant. This resulted in 35% false positive samples, mainly due to particle contamination or nongrowing bacteria. In comparison, at best, the dipsticks have a diagnostic sensitivity of 89%, a specificity of 52% and a negative predictive value of 92% at 108 CFB/L.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)379-384
Antal sider6
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Vol/bind81
Udgave nummer5
Tidlig onlinedato8 jul. 2021
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 2021

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