Background: Trials evaluating long-term management of duodenal ulcer disease have mainly been focused on recurrence of ulcers, disregarding effects on dyspeptic and reflux symptoms. Profound acid inhibition with a proton pump inhibitor is the gold standard therapy in acid-related diseases. We aimed to compare the symptomatic effects of eradication therapy with those of long-term omeprazole treatment in a design with periods both with and without acid inhibition. Methods: Patients with active duodenal ulcer were randomized either to omeprazole, 20 mg twice daily until healing, followed by omeprazole, 20 mg/day for 1 year, or to eradication therapy (metronidazole, amoxicillin, and omeprazole for 2 weeks) followed by placebo for 1 year. All patients were followed up passively for an additional year. Clinical controls were performed every 2 months the 1st year (maintenance phase) and every 6 months during the passive follow-up phase. The study was multicentric and double-blind. The primary end-point was discontinuation of treatment, irrespective of reason. Results: Two hundred and seventy-six patients were randomized (139 in the eradication treatment group). In the maintenance phase there were no differences in the reporting of dyspeptic symptoms or in premature withdrawal. In the passive follow-up phase only five patients in the eradication therapy group discontinued owing to relapse of dyspeptic symptoms or ulcer, compared with 51 patients initially randomized to long-term omeprazole. There were no differences in reflux symptoms or in the development of reflux oesophagitis. Conclusions: Eradication therapy and long-term omeprazole are equally effective in controlling dyspeptic symptoms and reflux in duodenal ulcer patients with healed ulcers. One-quarter of the duodenal ulcer patients who start eradication therapy continue to be symptomatic or fail therapy for other reasons over a 2-year period. Eradication therapy does not increase the risk of reflux in ulcer patients.
|Tidsskrift||Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology|
|Status||Udgivet - 25 nov. 2000|