Liver biopsy using transesophageal bronchoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-B-FNA) has never been described before and biopsies of infradiaphragmatic lesions using this technique are not considered to be standard. A patient suspected for primary lung cancer with multiple lesions in the liver was referred to our department. We conducted bronchoscopy and endobronchial ultrasound-guided (EBUS) biopsy from several enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. Thereafter, we conducted EUS-B-FNA from a lesion in the left liver lobe. Pathology showed that the liver lesion represented a metastasis from a pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Bronchoscopy and EBUS samples were not able to establish diagnosis. We hereby demonstrated that a diagnostic EUS-B-FNA from a liver metastasis in a patient with lung cancer is possible. This underlines that chest physicians should not forget the esophagus when staging lung cancer.