Effects of revascularization after first acute myocardial infarction on the evolution of QRS complex changes (The Danami Trial)

Frede Lyck, Lene Holmvang, Peer Grande*, Jan Kyst Madsen, Galen S. Wagner, Peter Clemmensen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    The changes in QRS complex morphology associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can resolve spontaneously over time. Whether complete revascularization of the infarct-related myocardial territory after AMI affects this QRS resolution has not been studied adequately. The present study compares the evolution of the changes in the QRS complex associated with AMI during 1-year follow-up in patients treated with or without revascularization after their first thrombolyzed AMI. The study is a substudy of the DANish Trial in Acute Myocardial Infarction (DANAMI) (n = 1,008) that randomized patients with inducible ischemia after their first AMI, treated with intravenous thrombolytic therapy, to conservative treatment or coronary angiography followed by the appropriate revascularization strategy. A total of 817 patients had complete sets of evaluable electrocardiograms. Electrocardiograms were obtained at randomization, and at 3, 6, and 12 months of follow-up and subjected to blinded core-laboratory evaluation according to the Selvester QRS scoring method. This score considers Q-, R-, and S-wave duration and ratios to provide a semiquantitative estimate of AMI size. The median electrocardiographic estimated infarct size in the entire population was 15% of the left ventricle at randomization. At the end of the follow-up period this estimate had decreased to 12% (p ≤0.00001). There was no difference in the rate of QRS resolution whether the patients were subgrouped according to randomization or subgrouped according to actual treatment with or without revascularization. The present study confirms the findings from previous studies conducted in the prethrombolytic era, that considerable normalization of the QRS complex also occurs after AMI treated with thrombolytic therapy. This QRS normalization seems unaffected by an aggressive treatment strategy with revascularization via balloon angioplasty or bypass surgery.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)488-492
    Antal sider5
    TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Cardiology
    Vol/bind83
    Udgave nummer4
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 15 feb. 1999

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