Effect of losartan on sudden cardiac death in people with diabetes: Data from the LIFE study

Lars H. Lindholm, Björn Dahlöf, Jonathan M. Edelman, Hans Ibsen, Knut Borch-Johnsen, Michael Hecht Olsen, Steven Snapinn, Kristian Wachtell

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    Abstrakt

    In the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, a major reduction of all-cause mortality - especially cardiovascular mortality - in patients with diabetes with left ventricular hypertrophy was reported for treatment with losartan. We postulated post hoc that losartan might have a better effect on sudden cardiac death than atenolol, and we aimed to test this hypothesis. 44 patients with diabetes died of sudden cardiac death; significantly fewer deaths arose in the losartan group (14) than in the atenolol group (30; p=0.027). In the losartan group, five (6%) of 86 patients with diabetes and atrial fibrillation during the trial died of sudden cardiac death compared with nine (2%) of 500 in those without atrial fibrillation. The respective figures for the atenolol group were 14 (13%) of 105 and 16 (3%) of 504. Our results suggest losartan affords better protection against cardiac death from arrhythmias for patients with diabetes mellitus than does atenolol. Importantly, our analyses were exploratory and require confirmation.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)619-620
    Antal sider2
    TidsskriftLancet
    Vol/bind362
    Udgave nummer9384
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 23 aug. 2003

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