Does visible atopic dermatitis affect quality of life more in women than in men?

Elisabeth A. Holm, Solveig Esmann, Gregor B.E. Jemec

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    Abstrakt

    Background: Studies have suggested that women overreport symptoms in nondermatologic disease. Gender-dependent differences in patients' perception of dermatologic disease are poorly described. The description of possible gender differences in morbidity in a skin disease with comparable prevalence in men and women may therefore provide relevant data. Objective: The goal of this study was to examine gender-dependent differences in the self-reported morbidity of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Methods: Questionnaires from members of the Atopisk Eksem Forening (Danish Association of Atopic Eczema) aged ≥ 15 years were analyzed. Data were gathered regarding age, sex, disease duration and severity, and localization of AD, including the results of the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), a quality-of-life questionnaire designed for use in adults (ie, patients aged ≥ 15 years). Results: Questionnaires from 112 patients were analyzed. The final study population comprised 88 females and 24 males; mean age was 35.3 years (range, 15-77 years). For women, a significant positive correlation was found between DLQI score and disease severity (P < 0.001) and also between DLQI score and visible regions affected by disease (P = 0.001); these correlations were not observed in men. For the total number of body regions affected, a significant correlation with severity was found for women (P = 0.001) but not for men. No significant differences between men and women were noted for age, disease duration, overall disease severity, or quality of life as assessed using the DLQI. Conclusion: Self-reported morbidity is highly consistent among women with AD, but not so among men. Normally visible areas of AD appear to affect women significantly more than men.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)125-130
    Antal sider6
    TidsskriftGender Medicine
    Vol/bind1
    Udgave nummer2
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2004

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