Does physical exposure throughout working life influence chair-rise performance in midlife? A retrospective cohort study of associations between work and physical function in Denmark

Anne Møller, Susanne Reventlow, Åse Marie Hansen, Lars L. Andersen, Volkert Siersma, Rikke Lund, Kirsten Avlund, Johan Hviid Andersen, Ole Steen Mortensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Objectives: Our aim was to study associations between physical exposures throughout working life and physical function measured as chair-rise performance in midlife. Methods: The Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) provided data about employment and measures of physical function. Individual job histories were assigned exposures from a job exposure matrix. Exposures were standardised to ton-years (lifting 1000 kg each day in 1 year), stand-years (standing/walking for 6 h each day in 1 year) and kneel-years (kneeling for 1 h each day in 1 year). The associations between exposure-years and chair-rise performance (number of chair-rises in 30 s) were analysed in multivariate linear and non-linear regression models adjusted for covariates. Results: Mean age among the 5095 participants was 59 years in both genders, and, on average, men achieved 21.58 (SD=5.60) and women 20.38 (SD=5.33) chair-rises in 30 s. Physical exposures were associated with poorer chair-rise performance in both men and women, however, only associations between lifting and standing/walking and chair-rise remained statistically significant among men in the final model. Spline regression analyses showed non-linear associations and confirmed the findings. Conclusions: Higher physical exposure throughout working life is associated with slightly poorer chair-rise performance. The associations between exposure and outcome were non-linear.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere009873
TidsskriftBMJ Open
Vol/bind5
Udgave nummer11
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2015

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