PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the association between genetically predicted CYP2D6 phenotypes and extrapyramidal symptoms (EPSs).
METHODS/PROCEDURES: Data from the Tolerability and Efficacy of Antipsychotics trial of adolescents with first-episode psychosis randomized to aripiprazole versus quetiapine extended release were studied. Extrapyramidal symptom assessments included the Simpson-Angus Scale and the Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale. Patients were CYP2D6 genotyped. Plasma concentrations of antipsychotics and antidepressants were analyzed.
FINDINGS/RESULTS: One hundred thirteen youths (age, 12-17 years; males, 30%; antipsychotic naive, 51%) were enrolled. Poor metabolizers had a significantly higher dose-adjusted aripiprazole plasma concentration (±SD) compared with normal metabolizers at week 4 (24.30 ± 6.40 ng/mL per milligram vs 14.85 ± 6.15 ng/mL per milligram; P = 0.019), but not at week 12 (22.15 ± 11.04 ng/mL per milligram vs 14.32 ± 4.52 ng/mL per milligram; P = 0.067). This association was not found in the quetiapine extended release group. No association between CYP2D6 genotype groups and global Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale score or Simpson-Angus Scale score was found in any of the treatment arms.
IMPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: Our results do not support routine use of CYP2D6 testing as a predictor of drug-induced parkinsonism or akathisia risk in clinical settings. Further studies with larger samples of CYP2D6 poor metabolizers are needed.