Computer diagnosis in jaundice. Bayes' rule founded on 1002 consecutive cases

Axel Malchow-Møller*, Carsten Thomsen, Peter Matzen, Linda Mindeholm, Beth Bjerregaard, Stewart Bryant, Jørgen Hilden, Jørgen Holst-Christensen, Torben Sthr Johansen, Erik Juhl

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


    Extensive clinical and clinical chemical information was collected from 1002 consecutive jaundiced patients. Initial selection of variables based on Chi2-tests or Mann-Whitney U-test allowed the removal of 64 of the 107 variables originally collected. A further selection of variables was carried out using a modified version of Bayes' rule thus reducing the number of variables from 43 to 22. Of the 982 patients with a final diagnosis 743 patients (76%) could be classified correctly into one of 13 diagnostic categories. The Bayes' rule was also applied to a test group of a further 110 jaundiced patients and found to perform equally well: of 108 patients with a final diagnosis 81 (75%) were correctly classified. A comparison between the clinician's diagnosis and the computer-aided diagnosis according to Bayes' rule demonstrated agreement with regard to one of the 13 diagnostic alternatives in 734 patients (75%), of whom 81 patients were wrongly diagnosed. In the test group agreement upon diagnosis was found in 80 patients (74%). By plausibly combining the computer-aided and the clinician's preliminary diagnoses, more correct classifications were obtained than with either method alone. Many diagnostic modalities such as ultrasound examination, CT-scan, and direct cholangiography are at hand today for the differential diagnosis of jaundice. Computer-aided diagnosis using Bayes' rule has proved a reliable tool for the clinician and can be used in the planning of a diagnostic strategy for the individual jaundiced patient.

    Sider (fra-til)154-163
    Antal sider10
    TidsskriftJournal of Hepatology
    Udgave nummer2
    StatusUdgivet - 1986


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