Clusters of metabolic risk factors predict cardiovascular events in hypertension with target-organ damage: The LIFE study

G. de Simone, M. H. Olsen, K. Wachtell, D. A. Hille, B. Dahlöf, H. Ibsen, S. E. Kjeldsen, P. A. Lyle, R. B. Devereux

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    Abstrakt

    The relation of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with cardiovascular outcome may be less evident when preclinical cardiovascular disease is present. We explored, in a post hoc analysis, whether MetS predicts cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint (LIFE) reduction in hypertension study. MetS was defined by ≥2 risk factors plus hypertension: Body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol <1.0/1.3 mmol/l (<40/50 mg/dl) (men/women), glucose ≥6.1 mmol/l (≥110 mg/dl) fasting or ≥7.8 mmol/l (≥140 mg/dl) nonfasting or diabetes. Cardiovascular death and the primary composite end point (CEP) of cardiovascular death, stroke and myocardial infarction were examined. In MetS (1591 (19.3%) of 8243 eligible patients), low HDL-cholesterol (72%), obesity (77%) and impaired glucose (73%) were similarly prevalent, with higher blood pressure, serum creatinine and Cornell product, but lower Sokolow-Lyon voltage (all P < 0.001). After adjusting for baseline covariates, hazard ratios for CEPs and cardiovascular death (4.8 ± 1.1 years follow-up) were 1.47 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.27-1.71)- and 1.73 (95% CI, 1.38-2.17)-fold higher with MetS (both P < 0.0001), and were only marginally reduced when further adjusted for diabetes, obesity, low HDL-cholesterol, non-HDL-cholesterol, pulse pressure and in-treatment systolic blood pressure and heart rate. Thus, MetS is associated with increased cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients with ECG-LVH, independently of single cardiovascular risk factors.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)625-632
    Antal sider8
    TidsskriftJournal of Human Hypertension
    Vol/bind21
    Udgave nummer8
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 aug. 2007

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