Clinical risk factors and urodynamic predictors prior to surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence: a narrative review

Mette Hornum Bing*, Helga Gimbel, Susanne Greisen, Lene Birgitte Paulsen, Helle Christina Soerensen, Gunnar Lose

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: Knowledge about clinical risk factors and the value of urodynamic testing is important to optimize treatment strategy and secure true informed consent. Methods: We reviewed the relevant literature to clarify the evidence regarding clinical risk factors and the predictive value of urodynamic testing in patients with urinary incontinence, where surgery is considered. Because of the paucity of evidence based on randomized controlled trials, we conducted a narrative review of the published literature. Results: Clinical risk factors in terms of mixed urinary incontinence, previous incontinence surgery, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35, age ≥ 75, and presence of diabetes mellitus were significantly related to decreased outcome of incontinence surgery. Furthermore, noninvasive and invasive urodynamic parameters indicating detrusor overactivity, voiding difficulties, low urethral pressure, and bladder-neck immobility were related to poorer outcome of surgery. Conclusions: This study summarized the available evidence regarding preoperative clinical risk factors and urodynamic parameters indicating decreased or adverse outcome of surgery, and this report also provides clinical recommendations.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)175-185
Antal sider11
TidsskriftInternational Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer2
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2014

Fingeraftryk

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