Clinical reinfarction according to infarct location and reperfusion modality in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction: For the DANAMI-2 investigators

Martin Busk, Steen D. Kristensen, Klaus Rasmussen, Henning Kelbaek, Per Thayssen, Jan K. Madsen, Ulrik Abildgaard, Lars R. Krusell, Leif S. Mortensen, Leif Thuesen, Henning R. Andersen, Torsten T. Nielsen

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    Abstrakt

    Objectives: To evaluate clinical reinfarction during a 3-year follow-up after randomization to primary angioplasty versus fibrinolysis in anterior and non-anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: Clinical reinfarction was prospectively assessed by an endpoint committee blinded to the study treatment. Results: At 30 days, primary angioplasty compared with fibrinolysis reduced the reinfarction rate both in anterior STEMI patients (n = 823; 2.5 vs. 5.6%, p = 0.02) and in non-anterior STEMI patients (n = 743; 0.8 vs. 7.4%, p < 0.001). After 3 years, the reduction in reinfarction rate was no longer present in anterior STEMI patients (11.2 vs. 11.2%, p = 0.86), but persisted in non-anterior STEMI patients (5.2 vs. 13.5%, p < 0.001). Reinfarction after anterior STEMI carried a higher mortality than reinfarction after non-anterior STEMI (37.6 vs. 15.3%, p = 0.01). Independent predictors of death were: age [hazard ratio (HR) per 1-year increase in age = 1.08 (1.07-1.09)], clinical reinfarction [HR = 5.15 (3.57-7.43)], anterior index STEMI [HR = 1.65 (1.24-2.19)], and Killip class ≥2 [HR = 1.42 (1.01-2.00)]. The additional late reinfarctions after angioplasty for anterior STEMI were located within the angioplasty-treated target segment. Anterior STEMI patients had smaller mean target vessel diameter, which was associated with reinfarction. Conclusions: Clinical reinfarction is an independent predictor of death. The early superiority of primary angioplasty over fibrinolysis on reinfarction rate after anterior STEMI diminished during long-term follow-up.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)72-80
    Antal sider9
    TidsskriftCardiology
    Vol/bind113
    Udgave nummer1
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 mar. 2009

    Fingeraftryk Udforsk hvilke forskningsemner 'Clinical reinfarction according to infarct location and reperfusion modality in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction: For the DANAMI-2 investigators' indeholder.

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