Circadian rhythm of arterial blood pressure and albuminuria in diabetic nephropathy

Henrik P. Hansen*, Peter Rossing, Lise Tarnow, Flemming S. Nielsen, Berit R. Jensen, Hans Henrik Parving

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


    The aim of our study was to evaluate the diurnal relationship between arterial blood pressure and albuminuria, and some potential mechanisms responsible for impaired nocturnal blood pressure reduction (non-dippers, groups I and II) in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure, heart rate (HR) variation (autonomic nervous function) and extracellular fluid volume (ECV) were measured, and urine samples were collected three times during the corresponding day- and nighttimes in 47 insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients with DN. Mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) during the daytime [mm Hg, median (range)] was identical in group I [105 196-137)], group II [109 186-124)] and group III [dippers; average blood pressure reduction from day to night > 10%, 107 (93-132), P = NS], while the nighttime MABP differed [group I, 106 (95-144); group II, 100 (78-118); group III, 91 (76-118); P < 0.001]. No significant difference between the groups concerning the daytime or nighttime albuminuria [μg/min; median (range)] was observed; [Day: group I, 1467 (235-3933); group II, 695 (170-6719); group III, 875 (228-3173). Night: group I, 1079 (279-4665); group II, 572 (113-3807); group III, 659 (81-2493)]. A significant correlation between MABP and albuminuria was demonstrated during day- (p= 0.50, P < 0.0005) and nighttime (p = 0.46, P < 0.005), while neither the absolute nor the relative changes in MABP from day to night correlated significantly with absolute or relative changes in albuminuria from day to night. The night/day ratio of HR was higher in group l [0.93 (0.76-1.09), median (range)] compared to group III [0.83 (0.741.02), P < 0.005] and a significant correlation between this ratio and the night/day ratio of MABP was found (p =0.54, P < 0.0005). ECV was about the same in the three groups. Our study indicated an association between blood pressure and albuminuria, but the mechanisms involved in the reduction of albuminuria from day to night was not unraveled. A relative lack of sympathetic withdrawal during sleep seems to the an important feature of nocturnal hypertension in diabetic nephropathy.

    Sider (fra-til)579-585
    Antal sider7
    TidsskriftKidney International
    Udgave nummer2
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 1996


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