A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether pin management or sedation is indicated to improve outcome in patients who show signs of awareness during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Seven papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. It is concluded that awareness during CPR or CPR-induced consciousness is rare but increasingly reported. Further research is needed before definite guidance can be given. Local advice should be followed.