Automatic detection of childhood absence epilepsy seizures: Toward a monitoring device

Jonas Duun-Henriksen, Rasmus E. Madsen, Line S. Remvig, Carsten E. Thomsen, Helge B.D. Sorensen, Troels W. Kjaer*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    Automatic detections of paroxysms in patients with childhood absence epilepsy have been neglected for several years. We acquire reliable detections using only a single-channel brainwave monitor, allowing for unobtrusive monitoring of antiepileptic drug effects. Ultimately we seek to obtain optimal long-term prognoses, balancing antiepileptic effects and side effects. The electroencephalographic appearance of paroxysms in childhood absence epilepsy is fairly homogeneous, making it feasible to develop patient-independent automatic detection. We implemented a state-of-the-art algorithm to investigate the performance of paroxysm detection. Using only a single scalp electroencephalogram channel from 20 patients with a total of 125 paroxysms >2 seconds, 97.2% of paroxysms could be detected with no false detections. This result leads us to recommend further investigations of tiny, one-channel electroencephalogram systems in an ambulatory setting.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)287-292
    Antal sider6
    TidsskriftPediatric Neurology
    Vol/bind46
    Udgave nummer5
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 maj 2012

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