Analysis of separate and combined effects of common variation in KCNJ11 and PPARG on risk of type 2 diabetes

Sara K. Hansen, Eva Maria D. Nielsen, Jakob Ek, Gitte Andersen, Charlotte Glümer, Bendix Carstensen, Peter Mouritzen, Thomas Drivsholm, Knut Borch-Johnsen, Torben Jørgensen, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    The separate and combined effects of the PPARG Pro12Ala polymorphism and the KCNJ11 Glu23Lys polymorphisms on risk of type 2 diabetes were investigated in relatively large-scale, case-control studies. Separate effects of the variants were examined among 1187/1461 type 2 diabetic patients and 4791/4986 middle-aged, glucose-tolerant subjects. The combined analysis involved 1164 type 2 diabetic patients and 4733 middle-aged, glucose-tolerant subjects. In the separate analyses, the K allele of the KCNJ11 Glu23Lys associated with type 2 diabetes (odds ratio, 1.19; P = 0.0002), whereas the PPARG Pro12Ala showed no significant association with type 2 diabetes. The combined analysis indicated that the two polymorphisms acted in an additive manner to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, and we found no evidence for a synergistic interaction between them. Analysis of a model with equal additive effects of the two variants showed that the odds ratio for type 2 diabetes increased with 1.14/risk allele (P = 0.003). Together, the two polymorphisms conferred a population-attributable risk for type 2 diabetes of 28%. In conclusion, our results showed no evidence of a synergistic interaction between the KCNJ11 Glu23Lys and PPARG Pro12Ala polymorphisms, but indicated that they may act in an additive manner to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)3629-3637
    Antal sider9
    TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
    Vol/bind90
    Udgave nummer6
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2005

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