Allostatic load as predictor of mortality: a cohort study from Lolland-Falster, Denmark

Neda Esmailzadeh Bruun-Rasmussen*, George Napolitano, Christian Christiansen, Stig Egil Bojesen, Christina Ellervik, Randi Jepsen, Knud Rasmussen, Elsebeth Lynge

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the present study were to determine the association between (1) 10 individual biomarkers and all-cause mortality; and between (2) allostatic load (AL), across three physiological systems (cardiovascular, inflammatory, metabolic) and all-cause mortality.

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

SETTING: We used data from the Lolland-Falster Health Study undertaken in Denmark in 2016-2020 and used data on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse rate (PR), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), triglycerides, glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum albumin. All biomarkers were divided into quartiles with high-risk values defined as those in the highest (PR, WHR, triglycerides, HbA1c, CRP) or lowest (HDL-c, albumin) quartile, or a combination hereof (LDL-c, SBP, DBP). The 10 biomarkers were combined into a summary measure of AL index. Participants were followed-up for death for an average of 2.6 years.

PARTICIPANTS: We examined a total of 13 725 individuals aged 18+ years.

PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Cox proportional hazard regression (HR) analysis were performed to examine the association between AL index and mortality in men and women.

RESULTS: All-cause mortality increased with increasing AL index. With low AL index as reference, the HR was 1.33 (95% CI: 0.89 to 1.98) for mid AL, and HR 2.37 (95% CI: 1.58 to 3.54) for high AL.

CONCLUSIONS: Elevated physiological burden measured by mid and high AL index was associated with a steeper increase of mortality than individual biomarkers.

TidsskriftBMJ open
Udgave nummer5
StatusUdgivet - 27 maj 2022

Bibliografisk note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.


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