A high fat meal activates blood coagulation factor VII in rats

Aage K. Olsen*, Else M. Bladbjerg, Axel K. Hansen, Peter Marckmann

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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    Abstract

    In humans, high fat meals cause postprandial activation of blood coagulation factor VII (FVII), but human studies have not provided definite evidence for a prothrombotic effect of dietary FVII activation. An animal model would be an attractive way to pursue this question and therefore we tested the LEW/Mol rat. We gavaged 3 mL of a fat emulsion (n = 42) or 3 mL isotonic glucose (n = 42). Blood was sampled by heart puncture 2, 4 and 6 h (n = 14/group at each time) after the fat/glucose load. Furthermore, blood was sampled from 16 untreated rats to determine the baseline levels. Triglyceride concentrations, activated FVII (FVIIa), FVII coagulant activity (FVIIc), FVII amidolytic activity (FVIIam) and thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT) were determined. After fat administration, triglycerides were significantly elevated at 2 h (1.29 mmol/L) and 4 h (1.37 mmol/L) compared with baseline (0.78 mmol/L), and FVIIa was significantly raised at 4 h (54 U/L) and 6 h (58 U/L) compared with baseline (29 U/L). No postprandial changes in FVIIc, FVIIam and TAT were observed. Glucose administration did not affect any variable. We conclude that the LEW/Mol rat is a promising model for use in future studies of thrombotic effects of dietary FVII activation.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)347-350
    Antal sider4
    TidsskriftJournal of Nutrition
    Vol/bind132
    Udgave nummer3
    StatusUdgivet - 20 mar. 2002

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